My Leopard Gecko’s Bum is Falling Out: Causes and Solutions

Affiliate Disclaimer

As an affiliate, we may earn a commission from qualifying purchases. We get commissions for purchases made through links on this website from Amazon and other third parties.

Leopard geckos can experience a condition called rectal prolapse, where the tissue around the cloaca starts to protrude.

This can occur due to various reasons, such as constipation, parasitic infections, or other health issues.

It’s essential to seek veterinary care promptly to address the underlying cause and provide appropriate treatment for your leopard gecko.

Additionally, ensuring a proper diet, suitable habitat, and hygiene can help prevent such issues.


Understanding Prolapse in Leopard Geckos


Leopard geckos are popular pets known for their unique appearance and docile nature. However, like any other animal, they are susceptible to health issues.

One of the common problems that leopard gecko owners may face is prolapse.

Prolapse in leopard geckos occurs when the internal organs or tissues protrude through the vent or cloaca. This can happen for various reasons, including constipation, infection, injury, or egg binding.

Prolapse can affect both male and female geckos and is a serious condition that requires immediate veterinary attention.

The prolapse symptoms in leopard geckos include a visible bulge near the vent, difficulty defecating or laying eggs, and lethargy. If left untreated, prolapse can lead to infection, tissue damage, and even death.

To prevent prolapse in leopard geckos, it is essential to maintain the temperature and humidity levels of their enclosure.

Providing a balanced diet, offering a shallow water dish, and ensuring proper substrate can also help prevent constipation and other digestive issues.

If you suspect your leopard gecko has prolapsed, seeking veterinary care is crucial.

The vet may recommend a combination of treatments, including medication, surgery, and supportive care, depending on the severity of the prolapse.

In conclusion, understanding the prolapse in leopard geckos is essential for every owner. You can ensure your leopard gecko’s health and well-being by taking preventative measures and seeking prompt veterinary attention.


Initial Steps to Take


If you notice your leopard gecko’s bum falling out, it is important to take action immediately. Here are some initial steps to take:


Identify the Prolapse


The first step is to identify the prolapse. A prolapse occurs when an internal organ protrudes through the vent of the animal.

In the case of a leopard gecko, this can happen with the rectum, hemipenes, or even the cloaca. You may notice a pink or red lump protruding from the vent area.

Identifying the prolapse as soon as possible is important, as this can lead to serious health problems if left untreated.


Minimize Stress


Once you have identified the prolapse, minimizing stress on your leopard gecko is important. Stress can exacerbate the prolapse and make it worse.

Keep your gecko in a quiet, calm environment and avoid handling it as much as possible. Ensure the enclosure is clean and free of sharp objects that could further irritate the prolapse.


Prepare for a Vet Visit


The next step is to prepare for a visit to the vet. A prolapse is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention.

Before you go to the vet, ensure you have all the necessary information about your leopard gecko, including its age, weight, and any other health issues.

You should also bring a sample of the substrate from the enclosure and any other relevant items such as a thermometer or hygrometer.

By taking these initial steps, you can help ensure the health and well-being of your leopard gecko. Remember, if you notice a prolapse, acting quickly and seeking medical attention as soon as possible is important.


Common Causes of Prolapse


Various factors can cause prolapse in leopard geckos. Here are some of the most common causes of prolapse in leopard geckos:


Parasitic Infections


Parasitic infections are a common cause of prolapse in leopard geckos. Parasites such as pinworms and coccidia can cause irritation and inflammation in the digestive tract, leading to prolapse.

To prevent parasitic infections, keeping the enclosure clean and providing regular veterinary checkups is important.




Constipation can also cause prolapse in leopard geckos. When a gecko is constipated, it may strain excessively, causing the rectum to protrude.

To prevent constipation, ensure that the gecko’s diet is high in fiber and provides plenty of fresh water.


Reproductive Issues


Reproductive issues can also cause prolapse in leopard geckos. Female geckos may experience prolapse during egg-laying if the eggs are too large or if the female is not provided with proper nesting materials.

Male geckos may experience prolapse if they are overstimulated during breeding. To prevent reproductive issues, ensure that the geckos are provided with appropriate nesting materials and that breeding is controlled.

In conclusion, it is important to identify the cause of prolapse in leopard geckos to provide appropriate treatment. By addressing the underlying cause, the gecko can recover and return to good health.


Treatment Options

Manual Reduction


In some cases, a leopard gecko’s prolapse can be manually reduced by a veterinarian. This involves gently pushing the prolapsed tissue back into the body cavity.

The veterinarian may use lubrication or a local anesthetic to make the process more comfortable for the gecko.

It is important to note that a trained professional should only attempt manual reduction, as attempting it at home can cause further damage or infection.


Surgical Intervention


If manual reduction is not possible or the prolapse keeps recurring, surgical intervention may be necessary. This involves the removal of the affected tissue and the stitching of the remaining tissue back together.

Surgery carries risks, so it is important to choose a veterinarian experienced in reptile surgery and to carefully consider the potential benefits and drawbacks of the procedure before making a decision.


Post-Treatment Care


After treatment, it is important to provide proper care to ensure the gecko’s full recovery. This may include administering medication, providing a clean and comfortable enclosure, and monitoring the gecko for any signs of complications or recurrence.

It is also important to address any underlying issues that may have contributed to the prolapse, such as improper diet or husbandry, to prevent future occurrences.


Prevention Strategies


Leopard geckos are susceptible to various health issues, including prolapse, which can be a serious and life-threatening condition. To prevent your leopard gecko’s bum from falling out, there are several strategies that you can employ.


Proper Diet


A healthy diet is essential to maintaining your leopard gecko’s overall health and preventing prolapse. Leopard geckos require a diet high in protein and low in fat. Feed your leopard gecko a variety of live insects, such as crickets, mealworms, and waxworms, as well as occasional treats like pinkie mice.

It is important to ensure that the insects you feed your leopard gecko are of an appropriate size and are gut-loaded with nutritious foods. Additionally, provide your leopard gecko with a calcium supplement to prevent calcium deficiency, which can contribute to prolapse.


Regular Health Checks


Regular health checks are an important part of preventing prolapse in leopard geckos. Check your leopard gecko’s vent area regularly for any signs of swelling or irritation. If you notice any abnormalities, seek veterinary care immediately.

Additionally, monitoring your leopard gecko’s weight and overall health is important. Any sudden changes in weight or behavior can indicate an underlying health issue.


Appropriate Habitat Maintenance


Maintaining an appropriate habitat for your leopard gecko is crucial to preventing prolapse. Leopard geckos require a warm, dry environment with plenty of hiding places. Ensure that your leopard gecko’s enclosure is properly heated and that there is a temperature gradient to allow for thermoregulation.

Additionally, keep your leopard gecko’s enclosure clean and free of any substrate or objects that could cause irritation or injury. Regularly clean and disinfect your leopard gecko’s enclosure to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria.

By following these prevention strategies, you can help keep your leopard gecko healthy and prevent prolapse.


When to Consult a Veterinarian


If a leopard gecko’s bum is falling out, it is important to take action quickly. In some cases, the problem may resolve on its own with proper care and attention. However, there are times when it is necessary to consult a veterinarian.

Here are some signs that indicate it is time to seek professional help:

  • The prolapse is severe or does not improve within a few days
  • The gecko is showing signs of pain or discomfort
  • The gecko is not eating or drinking
  • The prolapse is accompanied by other symptoms such as diarrhea or lethargy

When consulting a veterinarian, it is important to provide them with as much information as possible about the gecko’s condition. This includes details about the diet, environment, and any recent changes that may have contributed to the problem.

The veterinarian may recommend a variety of treatments depending on the severity of the prolapse. This may include medication, surgery, or changes to the gecko’s diet and environment.

In some cases, the prolapse may be a sign of an underlying health condition such as a bacterial infection or parasitic infestation. Therefore, it is important to seek professional help as soon as possible to ensure the best outcome for the gecko’s health and well-being.


Recovery and Monitoring


After the veterinary treatment, the recovery and monitoring of the leopard gecko’s bum is essential to ensure its full recovery. The following are some guidelines to assist in the recovery process:

1. Isolation

The leopard gecko should be isolated from other reptiles to prevent the spread of any infections. The isolation period should be for at least two weeks, and the enclosure must be kept clean and disinfected regularly.

2. Diet

During the recovery period, the leopard gecko should be fed a soft, easily digestible diet. This can include mealworms, crickets, or wax worms. It is crucial to monitor the gecko’s appetite and ensure it is eating enough.

3. Medication

If prescribed by the veterinarian, any medication should be administered as directed. It is essential to follow the dosage instructions and complete the full course of medication.

4. Observation

The leopard gecko should be observed regularly to monitor its progress. Any signs of deterioration or infection should be reported to the veterinarian immediately. Signs to look out for include lethargy, loss of appetite, and discharge from the bum.

5. Follow-up appointments

Follow-up appointments with the veterinarian should be scheduled to monitor the leopard gecko’s progress. This will ensure that any issues are addressed promptly and that the gecko makes a full recovery.

In conclusion, the recovery and monitoring of the leopard gecko’s bum are crucial to ensure its full recovery. By following the above guidelines and working closely with a veterinarian, the gecko should make a full recovery and return to its normal activities.


Potential Complications


Leopard geckos suffering from prolapse are at risk for several potential complications. These complications can be serious, and it is important to seek veterinary care immediately if your gecko is experiencing any of these issues.

Recurrence of Prolapse

One of the most common complications of prolapse in leopard geckos is the recurrence of the condition. If the underlying cause of the prolapse is not addressed, it is likely that the gecko will experience another prolapse in the future. This can be frustrating for both the gecko and the owner, and can lead to additional health problems if left untreated.


Another potential complication of prolapse is infection. When the tissues of the rectum or cloaca are exposed, they are at risk for bacterial infection. This can lead to a serious infection that can spread throughout the gecko’s body. Signs of infection include redness, swelling, and discharge from the affected area. If you notice any of these symptoms, it is important to seek veterinary care immediately.

Tissue Damage

Prolapse can also cause damage to the tissues of the rectum or cloaca. This can occur if the prolapse is left untreated for too long, or if the gecko is allowed to continue straining and pushing. Tissue damage can be serious and can lead to long-term health problems for the gecko. It is important to seek veterinary care as soon as possible if you suspect that your gecko is suffering from prolapse.

In conclusion, leopard geckos suffering from prolapse are at risk for several potential complications. These complications can be serious and should be addressed immediately by a qualified veterinarian. By seeking prompt veterinary care, you can help ensure the health and well-being of your gecko.

About the author

Latest posts

  • Can You Pick Up Grass Snakes? Tips and Precautions

    Can You Pick Up Grass Snakes? Tips and Precautions

    Yes, you can pick up grass snakes. However, it’s important to handle them gently and with care to avoid causing them any harm.   Is It Safe to Pick Up Grass Snakes?   Grass snakes are non-venomous, harmless snakes commonly found in grassy areas and gardens. They are docile and generally not aggressive towards humans.…

    Read more

  • Can Grass Snakes Hurt Cats? A Clear Answer with Expert Knowledge

    Can Grass Snakes Hurt Cats? A Clear Answer with Expert Knowledge

    Grass snakes are not harmful to cats. They are non-venomous and typically avoid confrontation with larger animals. In fact, they are more likely to flee when encountering a cat. However, it’s always best to supervise your pets when they are outdoors to ensure their safety.   Potential Risks to Cats Bite Risks   Grass snakes…

    Read more