Everything You Need to know about Sugar Glider Teeth

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Sugar Gliders are small marsupials native to Australia that have become increasingly popular as exotic pets in the United States. As with any pet, it is essential to care for your sugar glider’s teeth properly so they remain healthy and comfortable. Here is what you need to know about sugar glider teeth and how to keep them healthy.


Sugar Glider Teeth Anatomy


Sugar gliders have two sets of teeth—the first set, the deciduous or baby set, consists of 24 tiny teeth located in the front of the jaw.

These deciduous teeth will be shed at around six months of age when they are replaced by their permanent set of 30 adult teeth.

The adult incisors are sharp, pointed, and curved inward, while the molars are flat and ridged. Adult canines are longer than other mammals because they help grip food better when climbing trees.


Maintaining Healthy Teeth


Maintaining a regular dental hygiene routine for your sugar glider to keep their teeth healthy and free from disease is essential.

This should include daily brushing with a toothbrush designed specifically for sugar gliders and weekly chew toys such as wooden blocks or bird perches that will help wear down their sharp incisors.

Additionally, it is essential to feed your sugar glider a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D3, as this helps promote strong bones and healthy teeth development.


Potential Dental Issues


Despite proper dental hygiene care, it is still possible for your sugar glider’s teeth to become diseased or injured due to lack of nutrition or trauma from biting on hard objects like cages or furniture.

If you notice that your sugar glider has discolored or broken teeth, contact your veterinarian immediately, as this could indicate an underlying health issue such as pyometra (a uterus infection) or malnutrition.

Your vet may recommend additional supplements or antibiotics depending on the severity of the problem.


Do sugar gliders need their teeth trimmed?


While sugar gliders may not typically require their teeth to be professionally trimmed, it is essential to pay close attention to the condition of their teeth.

Sugar gliders are prone to dental issues such as malocclusion, overgrown incisors, and impacted incisors, making it essential for owners to gauge the health of their pet’s teeth regularly.

As part of a regular veterinary visit, we recommend checking your sugar glider’s teeth for any problems and scheduling professional trimming if necessary.

Ultimately, this helps ensure that your pet has strong, healthy teeth and can continue to enjoy its diet from day to day.


What type of teeth do sugar gliders have?


Sugar Glider teeth feature four sharp front incisors, followed by two on the top and two on the bottom.

These incisors are used for grasping onto trees and other objects.

They also possess four cheek teeth on either side of the top and bottom jaws, which they use to munch foliage or grind fruits, nuts, and invertebrates.

In addition to this set of twelve teeth, sugar gliders also have 16 molar-like cheek teeth, allowing them to chew food more efficiently.

One unique feature of their dental anatomy is that their teeth never stop growing throughout their lifespan. Thus, they must constantly wear down these structures with routine chewing habits.


Do Sugar Gliders Bite?


Sugar Gliders are adorable and playful tiny animals; most of the time, they are very gentle and calm.

That being said, they can bite if they feel threatened or overly anxious. It is important to remember that sugar gliders are wild animals by nature, so it is normal for them to act unpredictably at times.

Properly socializing them and providing good care will help make sure that they don’t feel scared or distressed enough to behave aggressively.

Even with proper socialization, it’s always a good idea to handle these little critters carefully and be vigilant for signs of distress.

If you think your pet might be about to bite, divert your attention from it positively – maybe offer a treat or give it something soft to play with.


What happens if the sugar glider bites?


If a sugar glider bites you, the teeth might break the skin. If this happens, don’t worry. The sugar glider will probably lick and clean the wound.

If a sugar glider bites you, its sharp incisors can break the skin. This usually causes slight bleeding and swelling, but it’s a minor annoyance.

If the sugar glider bit you in a place where it could get at your blood, like your eye or nose, it may be able to infect that area with its parasites. But as long as you clean the wound and apply an antibiotic ointment, you should be okay.


Sugar glider teeth problems


  1. Sugar gliders are the smallest mammals in the world and have the smallest teeth of any mammal. Their teeth are about 1/10th of an inch long, and they use them to gnaw on plant matter.
  2. More than any other mammal, sugar gliders have five incisors in each jaw. Incisors are the front teeth that come in front of the other teeth and are used for cutting food.
  3. Sugar gliders use their incisors to chew the leaves and stems of plants, but they also eat insects, bird eggs, and other small animals.
  4. The sugar glider’s teeth aren’t made out of bone but instead of a hard calcium phosphate mineral. As a result, the sugar glider’s dentition is unique because it has no canines (sharp canine teeth), no premolars (front lower tooth), and only three molars (back lower teeth).
  5. Sugar gliders evolved from a species of gliding possum that lived in Australia about 25 million years ago. As the climate changed over time, the sugar gliders could adapt.


How Many Teeth do Sugar Gliders have?


  • Sugar gliders have 40 teeth. Their front teeth are smaller than their back teeth, so that they can grind food into a powder for digestion.
  • Their dental formula is I (3/2) C (1/0) PM (3/3) M (4/4).
  • Sugar gliders have 30 teeth in each jaw!
  • They use their teeth to gnaw on food, and they have sharp incisors.
  • Sugar gliders are the only animal with a tooth on their head! This is called a “prognathous” tooth.
  • They spend about half of their time eating, so their teeth must be strong and able to chew tough foods.


Sugar Gliders are “diprodonts


Diprodonts are a group of mammals that have two tooth rows in the upper and lower jaw. The upper tooth row is called the incisor row, while the lower tooth row is called the molar row.

Diprodonts are unique in that they have four incisor teeth in each jaw, which are used to grind food. For example, sugar gliders are diprodonts and have two pairs of molar teeth (four total).

Sugar gliders’ molars are specially adapted for gnawing on hard materials, such as tree bark. They use their incisors to cut through the bark and then use their molars to break it into small pieces they can swallow.

Sugar gliders also consume insects, seeds, and fruit. Their diet varies depending on the season, but they generally eat insects, fruit, and seeds during the spring and summer. In winter, they mostly eat seeds. Sugar gliders are native to Australia and range in size from about 20 to 30 grams (0.7 to 1.1 ounces).


How do you clean sugar gliders’ teeth?


Do you know how to clean the teeth of a sugar glider? If not, it’s time to brush up on your knowledge! Here are some fascinating facts about sugar gliders that you may not have known:

  • Sugar gliders have tiny teeth that they use to gnaw on plant matter.
  • To clean their teeth, sugar gliders chew on a soft object like a piece of cloth or tissue paper. They will then use their tongue to scrape the debris off their teeth.
  • Some people recommend using a toothbrush to clean the teeth of sugar gliders, but this is not typically necessary. Simply providing a toothless environment for them to clean their teeth in should be enough.


Their incisors are used to gouge tree bark


The sugar glider is a small Australian marsupial that is the national symbol of Australia. The sugar glider is unique because it has teeth in its upper and lower jaws that are used to gouge tree bark.

These teeth are also very sharp and can easily slice through flesh. The sugar glider is also the only mammal worldwide with hair on its tongue.

Sugar gliders are adorable creatures, but their teeth should not be underestimated!


Fun Facts about the Sugar Glider

  1. The Sugar Glider is the smallest marsupial in the world and is only about the size of a small bird.
  2. The Sugar Glider is native to Australia and can be found in various habitats, including rainforests, woodlands, and suburban areas.
  3. The Sugar Glider is a herbivore and eats mainly fruit, insects, insect larvae, flowers, and seeds.
  4. One interesting fact about the Sugar Glider is that it has teeth that are not used for chewing but for ripping open food items. Unfortunately, these teeth are also very sharp and can easily cut through flesh.




Keeping your sugar glider’s teeth clean and healthy is essential for their overall health and comfort. It is important to understand their unique anatomy so you can provide them with proper dental care, like regular brushing and providing chew toys that help wear down their sharp incisors. Additionally, be sure you are feeding them a balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D3, so their bones stay strong and healthy! By understanding what goes into keeping your sugar glider’s mouth happy and healthy, you can ensure they live a long life full of smiles.

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